The Basic School MCMAP Week

For those of you unfamiliar with the Marine Corps Martial Arts Program (MCMAP), there are three belts that each require you to learn and perfect a series of progressively more difficult techniques. All Marines upon graduating from TBS on the officer side and Recruit Training on the enlisted side have earned their first one: Tan Belt.

The instructors during MCMAP week are NCOs from the Martial Arts Center of Excellence (MACE), which is located on the TBS campus. Every day you meet them on a, possibly muddy, field and practice these basic techniques. You’ll go over punches, kicks, strikes, basic throws, bayonet techniques, and some other interesting moves. It’s all extremely basic, and you shouldn’t have any problem earning your tan belt.

Depending on the Company CO, you may have the opportunity to belt up even more while at TBS. This is possible because pretty much every platoon has a Marine, probably prior enlisted, who is an MAI, or Martial Arts Instructor. Basically, there’s a fair amount of Marines in the company who are qualified to instruct and belt up in MCMAP.

A lot of people show up to TBS already having MCMAP belts. After you commission, it is possible for you to belt up in MCMAP. All you need to do is find an MAI. It’s all about knowing someone who can instruct you. If you don’t know anyone you’ll get perfectly good instruction at TBS. That said, if you have the opportunity to belt up before you get here, I recommend it. It will look good on you to be able to help those Marines who are struggling to master the techniques.

All Marines must participate in MCMAP week, regardless of whether or not they already have a belt.

There isn’t as much PT during MCMAP week as you might expect. The only really difficult combat conditioning day is immediately before testing out for Tan Belt. It is an hour long workout with lots of buddy exercises (e.g., buddy squats, buddy drag, buddy push ups, etc). Finally, you have your initial CFT on the Friday after MCMAP week. A lot of people were exhausted from the previous day’s workout, but it shouldn’t make much of a difference.

Here is the official publication for MCMAP.

Female Marine Firing A Pistol

Range Week At The Basic School


Range week is about a 3-week phase of instruction that comes right after your first slew of basic classes (those last about a week or two), the first major exam, and right before MCMAP week. As the name implies, the ultimate objective of range week is to make you proficient at marksmanship with the M-16 service rifle and the M9 service pistol. It’s much more than that though, and it will be amongst the most demanding weeks of your military career thus far.

During range week you are instructed by enlisted Combat Marksmanship Instructors (CMTs). The CMTs are extremely good at what they do, and part of the criteria for being selected is that they are combat veterans. You’ll benefit greatly from their instruction.

The first week isn’t that bad. It’s basically just classroom instruction. You remain on the TBS campus throughout the week, go to class all morning, and go to an open field in the afternoon to “snap in.” Snapping in is basically dry firing your rifle and pistol to practice technique, carry, and form. Your enlisted coaches will walk up and down the line giving you tips on how to improve your stance, grip, trigger control, etc. As boring as this sounds, it’s extremely important. Building good habits here will make you shoot a lot better in the following weeks.

At the end of the first week, the real range week begins. That Friday you begin a daily routine that will last for the next two weeks. You wake up at 0330, attend “mandatory chow” at the chow hall (i.e., you have to go to breakfast, which means the entire company is lined up trying to squeeze through two chow lines), put a bunch of weight in your pack, and step off down a 3-mile trail to the range. It’s a pretty hilly trail, and you will take it extremely fast. By the time you arrive it’s about 0600. Then you spend all day on the range. Finally, just as it’s beginning to get dark, you make the hump back to the barracks. By the time evening formation is over, you won’t have time to do much. Prep your gear and hit the rack if you intend to wake up the next morning and be functional.

Marine At Range With RifleRinse and repeat this for about two weeks. Every day you add more weight to your pack, and every day the lack of sleep makes you a little more exhausted. The takeaway here: range week will be mentally and physically draining. Be prepared to do nothing but Marine stuff for a good two week period, as you won’t have time to do anything else.

Now, the shooting part of range week can actually be pretty fun. A lot of this will depend on the weather of course. Those of you shipping in Bravo Company (the January class) will experience the joys of Quantico in February, which is universally considered to be the coldest, wettest month of the year here. Those of you shipping in the summer months will of course enjoy the swampy heat of the Quantico summer. Shooting is all well and good, but standing outside in the elements all day will sap your motivation and your desire to shoot at all. That said, it’s important to dig deep and keep your motivation at this point. Your score on qualifications day is counted in your overall score at TBS, and of course it affects what marksmanship badges you get to wear.


You can get three badges for rifle and pistol:

  • Marksman –  aka “pizza box,” which you get by barely qualifying
  • Sharpshooter – maltese cross
  • Expert – crossed rifles or pistols; this should be your goal


Your rifle qualification derives from two scores: Table 1 and Table 2.

Marine Firing Pistol

Rifle Qualification

Table 1

Table 1 is essentially “classical marksmanship” type stuff. For instance, one of the events of table 1 is to take 15 well-aimed shots in 20 minutes from the kneeling, standing, and sitting positions. You can really take your time and focus on shooting. Not very practical, but it teaches you the fundamentals of marksmanship. The distances for Table 1 are 200, 300, and 500 yards. This seems like a long way, but you will be shooting with a scope throughout your time at TBS, which seriously helps with dealing with distance.

Table 1 is fairly difficult at first, but applying what the coaches tell you will drastically improve shooting.

Table 2

Table 2 is focused on combat shooting. It’s conducted at close range (about 30 yards or so), and is shot at human-shaped targets. You conduct drills such as “failure to stop” (two in the chest, one in the head) and other more practical exercises.

Table 2 can be extremely easy for those who take the advice and couches and practice.

These scores are then added together, and you get your rifle qualification.

Pistol Qualification


Pistol qualification consists of just one course of fire. Every drill is conducted from the holster and timed, so you basically learn how to quick draw from the holster, sweep the safety as you bring it up, and take aim quickly.

You also conduct speed reloads, failure to stop drills, and other fun stuff. Pistol was difficult for a lot of people since it’s such an unstable platform.

On the last night of range week you conduct a night shoot with lasers and NVGs before bivouacing at the range. You wake up the following morning, shoot all day again, conduct another night shoot, and then conduct the 6-mile hump. The pace was pretty reasonable, but the pack made it a lot more difficult.

The Bottom Line

If you take away anything from this let it be these 3 points.

  1.  Do exactly what your marksmanship instructors tell you and you’ll do fine.
  2. Get used to being uncomfortable; you will be uncomfortable nonstop at the range.
  3. It would behoove you to prepare for TBS by doing humps with gradually more weight to prepare for the huge pack load at TBS.
Marines training tactics

The Basic School Blog I Cannot Start … Yet!

The Basic School is still several months away for me, but I am too eager to wait to write my first article related to TBS. At this point, there is nothing for me to write about that would be very useful to anyone. What I want to do is outline what I plan to write about once I get to TBS. This is also an opportunity for everyone out there to comment in with topic suggestions. Perhaps there are specific things you want to know and I can address them as soon as they come up. By the way, the picture I have added is of something I wish I were doing right now, but instead I work a 9 to 5 job in a cubicle (which I actually very much enjoy in many ways … that is quite sad).

TBS Phase Updates

There are currently five distinct phases to TBS. I’m not yet aware of the details surrounding each one, or what distinguished them from each other. However, my first goal will be to write an articles at the end of each phase outlining what went on and key things to be aware of.

Week By Week

This goal may end up in the trash considering my life while at The Basic School will not include much free time, or so I hear. I will try my best to write a quick update every week. I’m hopeful that doing so will help me unwind about what has occurred and get all of the fresh memories written out before I forget. The most helpful things we learn from each other are generally the small details. Weekly posts will allow me to most effectively convey tips to everyone. Don’t hold me to this one.

Range Week

I hear that range week is brutal. There should be some downtime once we get out to the range. If so, I will take notes of what is going on so that I can write up a special post pertaining to range week. This is going to be important because it is our time to get rifle qualified.


The culminating event at The Basic School is called “War.” I know little to nothing about it right now. Considering it’s importance, I hope to write about all the details pertaining to this event. What things would be helpful for other to know? How can you prepare early on? The good and bad things that I do that will give others better insight.

That is all I can think of right now. TBS is months away from the date of this writing, but I am eager to hit the field and learn more about our beloved Marine Corps. If you have any specific questions pertaining to TBS please leave a comment. If are at TBS or have completed it and would like to contribute here let me know as well!